Bacteria infections are the most common causes of urinary tract infection (UTI).

The large majority of these are caused when E. coli manages to go astray. It belongs in your gut but in certain situations it makes its way into the urethra. It doesn’t belong there and will result in an infection. These infections occur more easily in women due to the shorter distance bacteria needs to travel.

There are a variety of things that can make you more susceptible to a UTI including:

  • changes in hormone levels
  • frequency of sexual activity
  • hygiene practices
  • imbalances in the microbiome.

Microbiome imbalances can occur in the digestive tract, but also in the genital area. Both are potential contributors to UTIs.

In pregnant women, it is important to keep a closer eye on UTIs, making sure the infection is managed before it can reach the bladder. It is also a time of increased infection risk as it causes changes to the urethra.


  • Needing to urinate frequently, may be every 20 minutes
  • Changes in urine appearance (cloudy) or smell (foul)
  • A burning pain accompanies urination

If the infection has reached the bladder, there may also be fever and lower back pain.


  • D-mannose is the sugar found in cranberries. It can bind to E. coli, preventing its ability to stick to the cells in the urethra and bladder. This helps reduce and eventually eliminate the infection through urination.
  • Probiotics help reduce inflammation and support elimination of ‘bad’ bacteria. They do this by production of mucin, which acts as a barrier to ‘bad’ bacteria, and by preventing adhesion. Specific strains to look for include L. rhamnosus and L. reuteri.
  • Vitamin C can influence the pH of urine, making it more acidic, and thus less likely to be an environment that ‘bad’ bacteria finds easy to live in. It also helps support immune system action.


  • Cranberry has antibacterial action and reduces bacterial adhesion to the lining of the urethra.
  • Echinacea is a lovely immune support with immune modulating activity that can help combat the infection.
  • Marshmallow is a soothing demulcent that can help reduce the pain and inflammation caused by the infection.
  • Corn Silk is another lovely demulcent that is specific to the urinary system and helps to soothe the lining of the urethra.

Katherine Knott

Katherine is a certified naturopath and the founding director of Acorn and Oak.   Her journey into studying Naturopathy started when she was 18 years old.  Katherine  has also studied 2 1/2 years of nursing and midwifery, but decided that she was happier to work with women as a naturopath and support them through their […]

Read More… from Katherine Knott

Lou Chalmer – Autoimmune Disease, Counselling, And Philosophy

Lou is a certified Functional Nutrition Consultant, Heartmath and Immune Function Practitioner and Counsellor in training. Lou’s interest in health and wellbeing was sparked many years ago, but she decided to pursue a career in wine and environmental science. After working on her PhD in Regenerative Agriculture for two years, she decided that she would […]

Read More… from Lou Chalmer – Autoimmune Disease, Counselling, And Philosophy

Gurudaya – Shiatsu Therapist, Kundalini Yoga Instructor

Gurudaya is a practitioner of Shiatsu and Oriental Therapies and a Kundalini Yoga instructor. She completed her studies of Kinesiology in 2004, followed by Kundalini Yoga Teacher Training in 2007, and Shiatsu in 2014. She has found Shiatsu to be her preferred method for treating clients, for the calm and quiet mindfulness it promotes in […]

Read More… from Gurudaya – Shiatsu Therapist, Kundalini Yoga Instructor

Ruth Griffiths

Ruth has had a lifelong interest in and passion for nature, natural medicine, and the human experience. She began her studies in Health Science, Aromatherapy, Remedial Therapies, including Manual Lymphatic Drainage, in Melbourne over 25 years ago. On completion of these studies, Ruth operated a clinic for 8 years in the Grampians region, specializing in […]

Read More… from Ruth Griffiths